To Support Democratic Transformation and Good Governance Interventions

Huwayda Mohamed Ibrahim, Global Education Magazine

Huwayda Mohamed Ibrahim

Projects designer and developer at Consultancy office at Sudan

huwayda1@hotmail.com

The signed peace agreement for Darfur is conducive environment for participation of all segments of the community to build the peace process which intend need strengthening of civil society and to empower women to establish peace forums, rebuild confidence, and give voice to the people restructuring of accountable, representative and transparent governance structures and systems with fully recognized powers and authorities over law enforcement and natural resources management. From this aspect a project was developed to promote gender equality, to facilitate direct engaging of women of Sudan Greater Darfur County (3 states) in decision making and in public life and to building means for better participation in the time of the running peace process, which intend will strength women role in conflict resolutions and peace building, in Great Darfur (3 Darfur states). The target groups included the local leaders, parliamentary women and the general community of the mentioned states.

Introduction:

The project aimed to ensuring gender equality and promoting the participation of women in the establishment of peace in Darfur.

The project also served two other immediate objectives; (a) To enhance gender equality, raise the profile of women and address issues relating to all forms of discrimination against women, particularly in conflict situations and. (b) To assist in harnessing the capacity of women to participate in the peace process through political representation, economic empowerment and protection from sexual and gender-based violence.

Gender prospective approach

The project was a model where gender prospective approach enabled in understanding substantial women role in the public life of Darfur encouraging creating social relation where women and men joined together discussed the factors barriers women to play its role in public life especially cultural and socio-political barriers. Men participants committed to support women in getting their right role in public life of Darfur, some of them asked for women union membership.

The project also presented an initial step towards building gender sensitive governance reform in the democracy transformation reined to enable elected women play more effective role in promoting gender equality in the public policy of the region. Training of participants of different locations and states in one place has advantages that resulted in experience and ideas exchange about darfur issues and it created awareness of the importance of shared roles of women and men in peace building and conflict management also it helped in clear the social barrier that hindered political participation of women in Darfur .

Subjects covered by training has great effect on successful of implemented phases, it satisfied the participants needs and clarified the gender concepts to them and promoted gender equality.

The project was developed by Sudanese lady. Dr. Huwayda Mohamed and its activities envisaged by Sudanese Women General Union, SWGU and was funded by UN Women Khartoum Office in 2011.

Executive Summary of the project:

The achievement of social peace for the post-war society is closely linked to the achievement of the principle of gender equality in all aspects of development.

The signed peace agreement for Darfur is conducive environment for participation of all segments of the community to build the peace process which intend need strengthening of civil society and to empower women to establish peace forums, rebuild confidence, and give voice to the people restructuring of accountable, representative and transparent governance structures and systems with fully recognized powers and authorities over law enforcement and natural resources management.

Advocate for due respect and recognition to diverse cultures and traditions in Darfur through empowerment of traditional mechanisms of conflict resolution such as national administration.

Women make up 65 % of the country population and up to 75% ion areas affected by conflict they are integral to rebuilding, reforming, and revitalizing the economic, political, social, and cultural life of the country.

Women can play an important role in promoting socio-economic development, creating a representative democratic government, building transparency and rule of law, and addressing immediate security and humanitarian concerns. Sustainable peace will not be possible without the commitment and efforts of women. All relevant parties need to make specific efforts to support women’s peace-building efforts and combine them throughout all aspects of the implementation process.

Key results of the project are:

  1. 151 participants from Great Darfur were trained on gender prospective, community inter dialogue and conflict management for establishing and sustaining peace process.

  2. Gathering of participants of Great Darfur in one place for project training has great effects on Darfur people and on the community’ response to wards the project. They discussed Darfur issues freely with gender prospective which result in socio-political barriers clearance.

  3. Governmental commitment, the project has got governmental commitment at high level which encourage people there to continue working

  4. Gender equality bill which was emerged as a result of participation of participants in the closing seminar held in Nyala which is South Darfur State Capital.

The project was succeeded in sensitizing men towards gender issue; it was a model where it clears gender prospective to participant especially for men who committed to advocate women and women participation in public life of the region.

The project has the following features:

  • An opportunity to build a more justice and equitable in terms of protecting the rights of women and make gender equality is the standard adopted in the institutional and social framework.

  • Support, encourage and assist in applying the legislation to protect women’s social, economic,cultural and political rights.

  • The process of transforming gender relations in a society moving to peace increased opportunities for representation of women and it will try to apply the principles of gender equality and to increase the skills and capacities of women

  • It is a step towards positive change – social change – encouraging and prompting officials to begin work in the planning and institutional reform seeks to promote the application of the principles of gender equality.

  • Is a step in building lobbying body for advocating for women participation in building peace in the region.

The target groups included were the local women and men leaders, parliamentary women, national administration, decision makers and the general community of the mentioned states.

The main activities were implemented by Sudanese Women General Union, SWGU, included seminars and workshops targeting the local leaders, women and creation of awareness on the need for dialogue, workshops, workshops on gender issues with establishment of a theatre and drama groups to strengthen delivery of information.

 

Long term outcomes of the project are:

Raised the community awareness about gender equality, peace dialogue reconciliation and enhancing women role in peace building in Darfur.

Medium and short term outcomes are:

  • Involvement of women in reconciliation and peace buildings

  • Awareness raising of the women and community of the mentioned states about gender issues, peace, dialogue and reconciliation.

  • Sensitization of decision makers, local community and women themselves to wards woman problems and woman rights and role of women in peace building process.

Actual results of the project

  • A consultative workshop

  • Production of IEC materials

  • Training of performance theatre and drama groups on gender issues and peace culture:

  • Training of 34 participants on community interdialogue

  • Training of 33 national administrators on conflict resolution and early warning:

  • Training of 30 parliamentarian women on good governance and election:

  • Training workshop for executives and decision makers on gender and good governance

Seminars:

Two seminars were held in Nyala; one in Nyala University, attended by university’s staffs and students, community leaders and the project’s participants.

It is about:

Gender issues; opportunities and challenges for Darfurian women participation in peace building and community reconciliation in Darfur, it was held on Sept. 27th.2011

The second seminar was held in Nyala on 29th of Sept.2011, it was about: to develop strategy for gender equality and gender integration in Greater Darfur.

The participants at its end emerged gender equality bill for Darfur

Some conclusions:

So, we developed a project to promote gender equality, to facilitate direct engaging of women of Greater Darfur (3 states) in decision making and in public life and to building means for better participation in the time of the running peace process, which intend will strength women role in conflict resolutions and peace building, in Great Darfur (3 Darfur states). The target groups included the local leaders, parliamentary women and the general community of the mentioned states.

The project was funded by UN Women in Sudan and implemented in 2011 and aimed to ensuring gender equality and promoting the participation of women in the establishment of peace in Darfur.

As we said in the introduction, the project has also served two other immediate objectives:

(a) To enhance gender equality, raise the profile of women and address issues relating to all forms of discrimination against women, particularly in conflict situations and.

(b) To assist in harnessing the capacity of women to participate in the peace process through political representation, economic empowerment and protection from sexual and gender-based violence.

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This article was published on June 20th: World Refugee Day in Global Education Magazine.

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